• Learning and Building Together in an Immersive Virtual World
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immersive environment, virtual reality, informal education, constructivist approach

Copyright Status

Material is in public domain


Roussos, M., Johnson, A., Moher, T., Leigh, J., Vasilakis, C., & Barnes, C. (1999). Learning and Building Together in an Immersive Virtual World. Presence, 8(3), 247-263.

Resource Type

Papers and Reports

Demo Link



This paper describes the design, evaluation, and lessons learned from a project involving the implementation of an immersive virtual environment for children called NICE (Narrative-based, Immersive, Constructionist / Collaborative Environments). The goal of the NICE project was to construct a testbed for the exploration of virtual reality as a learning medium within the context of the primary educational reform themes of the past three decades. Based on our experiences with a broad range of users, the paper discusses both the successes and limitations of NICE, and concludes with recommendations for research directions in the application of immersive VR technologies to children's learning.

Intended Audience

Primary Level (age 2-5 years), Informal Learning (museums non-profits etc), Researchers, Teachers/Educators

Topic Area

Research, Teaching, History and Social Studies,


Maria Roussos, Andrew Johnson, Thomas Moher, Jason Leigh, Christina Vasilakis, Craig Barnes

Home Page Link



This paper is useful for readers who are interested in applying immersive technologies in informal primary education in the domain of social content. It talks about several issues that related to the application of immersive technologies in informal primary education, and points out a direction of future studies of learning in immersive virtual environments.

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