• Working creatively with knowledge
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knowledge building, belief vs. design mode, learning

Resource Type

Papers and Reports

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This paper describes two modes of schooling: belief mode and design mode. Belief mode is concerned with the belief systems of ourselves and others, design mode is concerned with the usefulness, improvability, and developmental potential of ideas.

Intended Audience

Researchers, Teachers/Educators

Topic Area

Research, Teaching


Carl Bereiter & Marlene Scardamalia

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